Honor servir como presidente de CLAEP

Ha sido un gran honor servir como president de CLAEP, el consejo de acreditación para las escuelas en periodismo y comunicación en América Latina. Aquí es el texto de mi discurso final:

VIII ENCUENTRO DE PROGRAMAS ACREDITADOS POR CLAEP

Abril 15,16 y 17 de 2018

Quito, Campus Universidad de Los Hemisferios

Gracias a todos ustedes por asistir a este octavo encuentro de escuelas de periodismo y comunicación de América Latina, acreditadas por CLAEP.

Debo un agradecimiento especial a la Universidad de los Hemisferios en Quito, al Dr. Daniel López y a todo su equipo de trabajo, por su inestimable apoyo  y por abrir las puertas de su casa para sede de este encuentro. También quiero agradecer la colaboración de la escuela de Comunicación de la Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.

Antes de nada, quiero mencionar lamentablemente el asesinato de tres personas en el área de la frontera con Ecuador y Colombia. Me refiero al periodista Javier Ortega, al fotógrafo Paúl Rivas y el conductor Efraín Segarra de El Comercio de Quito. Personalmente les envío mis más sinceras condolencias a mis colegas en El Comercio y especialmente a las familias y muchos queridos amigos de los tres.  La Sociedad Interamericana de Prensa, en reunión de medio año en Medellín, Colombia, ha hecho una condena muy fuerte. Hace muchos años, Ecuador ha sido un país sin violencia contra periodistas. Ojalá que este acto de violencia no sea un cambio para el futuro.

Mis colegas, nos encontramos en un momento de grandes cambios y retos en la educación en periodismo y comunicación. Nunca hubo más necesidad de considerar cuidadosamente cómo enseñamos y qué enseñamos a nuestros estudiantes. Estamos en un momento de transición en los medios de comunicación muy distinta de cualquier otra en nuestra historia.

El populismo en todo el mundo ha cambiado el panorama político. Veo el cambio en Europa, pero especialmente en Inglaterra y su transición con Brexit. Los retos políticos y los cambios grandes están ocurriendo en muchos países de América Latina, incluso aquí en Ecuador. Como ustedes saben, estamos pasando por un momento especialmente difícil en los Estados Unidos. Además de los retos económicos que han afectado a todos los medios de comunicación, tenemos amenazas políticas específicas, así como la nueva acusación de noticias falsas, o fake news. La credibilidad de nuestros medios de comunicación nunca habían estado en duda antes. Los periodistas y los medios de comunicación nunca habían estado en baja estima por la opinión pública. Pero esto cambió.

En esta reunión, vamos a escuchar presentaciones sobre nuevas tecnologías, cómo monetizar el contenido en el Internet, las fuerzas del autoritarismo que limitan la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa, los cambios provocados por las redes sociales en el gobierno y el público, y, tal vez lo más importante, escucharemos a nuestros estudiantes.

Escucharemos informes sobre investigaciones académicas realizadas por nuestras universidades acreditadas. Quiero enfatizar la importancia de nuestra investigación y cómo nuestra investigación debe ser una parte integral de la enseñanza. Si hay estudiantes, profesores, investigación y docencia, entonces tendremos las características adecuadas de una universidad.

Este será el último discurso que haga en un encuentro de CLAEP, como su presidente.

Ha sido uno de los más altos honores de mi vida profesional servir como su presidente. Como ustedes saben,  anteriormente fui editor del Houston Chronicle y también presidente de la Sociedad Interamericana de Prensa en el 2000.

Recuerdo bien la formación de CLAEP y mi participación personal, que comenzó con una conferencia hemisférica de la SIP en Cantigny, Illinois en 1995. En 2003,  comencé la segunda parte de mi carrera profesional como profesor de periodismo en Southern Methodist University en Dallas, Texas. He trabajado más de 40 años en periodismo. Ha sido un honor y un privilegio trabajar todos los días de estos años en el periodismo.

Mañana, mi colega Aurellio Collado va a presentar un discurso de la clausura de este encuentro. Aurellio serå el proximo presidente de CLAEP. Aurellio ha trabajado hace muchos años en CLAEP. Yo observé Aurellio en muchas situaciones. Es un muy buen amigo, y les pido a ustedes para todo su apoyo en todos los proyectos que él está planeando. Él hablará mañana sobre el future de CLAEP.  Escuchen bien, por favor. Aurellio, te felicito, y te agradezo.

Los dejo con dos afirmaciones que creo con todo mi corazón.

1. Sin una prensa libre, la gente nunca será libre. La libertad de prensa está intrínsicamente ligada a la democracia, y la democracia nunca sobrevivirá a largo plazo sin una prensa libre.

2. Es común y popular criticar a nuestros jóvenes en todas partes del mundo. Hay dudas sobre su ambición de mejorar el mundo, escepticismo sobre su capacidad de aprender. Nuestros jóvenes son llamados perezosos e irresponsables. Mis colegas, no crean ni una palabra de esto. Si hay algo que es fake news en el mundo, es eso.

Aquí van las noticias reales para ustedes:  nuestros jóvenes, nuestros estudiantes, nuestros hijos y nuestros nietos, son más inteligentes y están mejor preparados para el mundo en el que vivirán. Enseñémosles bien y esperamos que vivamos lo suficiente para ver cómo estos jóvenes pueden cambiar el mundo.

Finalmente, gracias a ustedes por su apoyo y su participación durante estos años. Mi especial agradecimiento a Suzy Mitchell, quien como siempre, ha organizado esta reunión y que ha sido una gran amiga para mí. Desde mi corazón, Suzy, muchas gracias.

CLAEP va a crecer y será un gran éxito con el compromiso de la gente en este encuentro y otros que responderán al llamado de la excelencia en los próximos años.

Les deseo solo lo mejor. Godspeed to you all.

 

British politics ‘cocked up’ like ours

I have just returned from teaching in our SMU-in-London program, and we had another very productive five weeks.  It was a pleasant visit, with the notable exception of the London Bridge terror attack in our first days in London. The SMU-in-London program involves about 40 students, mostly from the communication arts programs. I have for some years taught a course in British media where we look at the history and current state of the news media in London. The newspapers, always entertaining and highly politicized, have given substantial coverage to the Brexit issue that began last year. In June of 2016 the vote was 52%-48% for the UK to leave the European Union. It was a shocking result. Pollsters generally had it wrong in the weeks before the vote, and there was also the shock result of widely perceived anger and populism, agreeing with much of the analysis of the 2016 vote that made Donald Trump president. My British media students studied the issue in relation to the corresponding positions taken by the seven or eight key newspapers in London. The second assignment for the semester was for the students to write a newspaper editorial of 1,000 words either encouraging full speed ahead on Brexit or, if they thought Brexit was a bad idea, encouraging another vote.

In the aftermath of the vote last year, Prime Minister David Cameron of the Conservative Party stepped down since he had urged a remain vote. His resignation paved the way for Theresa May to become prime minister. In March, she triggered Article 50, which began the formal two-year process for negotiations to withdraw the UK from the EU. This means that by March of 2019, British membership in the EU will end. Various EU officials have made much noise about how much the exit will cost the British in terms of exit fees, and also how difficult the negotiations will be for the UK to maintain any trade or economic benefits from the EU.

What follows are, in no particular order, a few observations from someone who follows British politics pretty closely and has observed the Brexit situation as it has developed over the last five or six years.

  • I heard much outrage from Americans regarding the Brexit vote. It pretty much paralleled the opinions about the people who voted for Donald Trump. Namely, that they generally are unsophisticated rubes who just don’t understand the larger picture. That attitude is, in my opinion, one of the many reasons Hillary Clinton was such as disaster as a Democratic nominee for president, and a good reason why Brexit is in process. There are many good reasons to have voted for Brexit. Immigration became an emotional issue in the weeks before the vote. The liberal press in London tended to brand the sentiment racist. Yet, the issue is complex, and immigration has created difficult questions for the UK government, especially in London. And it stands to reason, at least to me, that a sovereign nation should be able to make decisions regarding control of its borders, and not have those decisions made by a centralized government in Brussels. The same goes for legal issues regarding the rights of criminal defendants. Now, had I been a citizen of the UK, I would have cast a vote to remain in the EU. But I also would have strongly urged the British government to take back several key issues dealing with sovereignty, immigration among them. My friend Elizabeth Palmer of CBS News in London makes a very good point about how elections seem to be framed these days. Whatever the issue or the candidates, Liz said, “The real question is, ‘Are you pissed off?’ Check. And the candidate or the referendum result that corresponds with that sentiment will usually win.”
  • I believe the size and scope of government in the United States was a key consideration for Donald Trump’s narrow victory. I believe the size and scope of the EU’s bureaucracy and eagerness to regulate were key factors in the Brexit vote. In the days leading up to the vote last year, the conservative press played up the costs of the bureaucracy. There were some incorrect figures used about the weekly cost of membership paid by the British government. But there were also stories about the lavish lifestyles enjoyed by the members of the European Union Parliament and the bureaucrats occupying key positions. Expensive travel and meal allowances are the norm. Generous staffing and office supply budgets, including daily Champagne, were noted. One can easily understand the reasons these luxuries don’t sit well with London cab drivers. Last year one of the many fascinating Brexit stories I saw on the BBC was a piece detailing the EU regulations on strawberries. The piece noted EU regulations that called for very specific size, texture and color of strawberries. There are even regulations regarding the color and size of the stem. Strawberries have been grown in England for more than 500 years. Strawberries and cream were first put together during the court of Henry VIII. And the strawberries in England are superb. Does anyone really need to tell the Brits about how strawberries should look and taste?
  • David Cameron was re-elected in 2015, promising to hold a referendum on Brexit. After taking office when Cameron resigned, Theresa May held a solid Conservative Party majority in Parliament and did not have to stand for re-election until 2020. However, leading nicely over rival parties in the polls and apparently wanting an even stronger Conservative majority in Parliament, she called a snap election that was held the first week in June. A bigger majority would have given her a stronger mandate to negotiate Brexit on her terms. The campaign went badly, and this is where things got “cocked up.” Cocked up is a fascinating British expression, and for Americans it is generally assumed to have somewhat of an obscene meaning. Not necessarily so, as the meaning and origin of the phrase make clear.  In any case, Theresa May ran a campaign about as bad as Hillary Clinton’s. One of the biggest blunders was what came to be branded by the Labor Party as the dementia tax.  The current Labor Party leader is Jeremy Corbin, an avowed socialist who had a completely undistinguished career in Parliament for more than 30 years before the Labor Party, in a solid defeat to David Cameron in 2015, took a hard left turn and made him leader. Corbin, to his credit, was bold and articulate in the campaign, completely the opposite of Theresa May. He promised lavish spending, including tuition-free university education and bigger budgets for the National Health Service, that the government could not possibly afford. But no matter. The Conservatives’ number of seats fell short of a majority, and now May has had to grovel for a confidence and supply arrangement with the Democratic Unionist Party of Northern Ireland. This simply means May will have the 10 votes of the DUP on key votes in Parliament and can continue to govern.  May’s grip on the government is tenuous. The Brexit negotiations will be slippery. Another major “cock up” and she could be subject to a call for a vote of no confidence. And that’s where things could really be interesting.

As Donald Trump continues to navigate uncharted territory in U.S. politics as well as historically low popularity numbers, we are not alone in the world. Our best ally is in a similar mess.

A passion for journalism

Last month, my friend Selwyn Crawford was making a few closing remarks at the 26th annual Journalism Day sponsored by The Dallas Morning News. Journalism Day is an event for high school journalists and teachers in North Texas. More than 370 attended this year. The SMU Division of Journalism is a contributing sponsor. Selwyn got a little fired up in his comments, which I believe were entirely spontaneous. And in doing so he gave high school students, and all of us, the reason we should be journalists and take great pride in what we do. Here’s the video of Selwyn’s remarks.

Eichelberger Crossing in Waco

On several social media posts, for some years an item has circulated about remembering places and events in Waco. Here is one such document. The last item is about remembering the old bridge at Eichelberger Crossing near China Spring. This document, apparently put together by a Waco High School reunion, calls it “Eichelberger’s Crossing.” However, I believe it correctly is known as Eichelberger Crossing. The bridge was a metal span that crossed the South Bosque River. Filling in the metal span were wooden planks on which cars crossed for more than seven decades. The bridge was closed to traffic in 1981. A portion of the bridge collapsed in 2014. The Waco Tribune-Herald reported the collapse with a story and photo, noting that the collapse occurred on the southern portion of the bridge. The Tribune-Herald reported that the bridge was built in 1925 at a cost of just more than $8,000.

I remember crossing the bridge sometime in the 1950s on one of the Sunday afternoon drives that my parents frequently made. I doubt many people still take Sunday drives, but they were a typical part of our weekends in those days. I grew up in a house on the edge of Lake Waco just south of the Waco airport. I remember having a child’s wonder at the Braniff DC-3 airplanes that took off and landed at the airport. The bridge at Eichelberger Crossing would have been just a few miles from our house. I was attending Bosqueville Elementary when we crossed the bridge. I don’t remember the exact year, but it would have been between 1957 and 1959. I remember my mother making a somewhat alarming comment about the safety of the bridge, and my father of course paying no mind. I also remember the rickety sound of the wooden planks under our car. My older sister says that the bridge was widely known among her friends as the rickety bridge. We left that house near Lake Waco in 1960 when the new Lake Waco Dam was built. The area where our old house stood is now under water.

Facing south toward the area where the bridge collapsed in 2014.
On the bridge facing north away from the collapsed portion.

Anyway, for years I’ve wanted to find the old bridge and renew a memory. I found the area on an internet map and, with the use of GPS on my iPhone, was able to find Baylor Camp Road. With a little effort, I found the bridge. The photos with this post were taken on April 5, 2017. There is of course a modern and safe structure right next to the collapsed bridge. But if you drive off the main road and park in a dirt area next to woods, you can walk about 30 yards and be at the north end of the portion of the bridge that remains. I walked the length of the remaining bridge and found two men fishing off the south end where the collapse had occurred.

From the middle of the bridge facing west onto the South Bosque River. The wooden planks are showing their age.

The fish weren’t biting, according to the two men. Nonetheless, it was a beautiful and pleasant spring morning. Even without catching any fish, there could not have been a better way to spend such a perfect day with the Central Texas sun just beginning to bring warmth. One of them told me he was from Ohio, and he knew nothing about the history of the bridge. I told him briefly about my youth and my memory of the bridge, but I could tell he wasn’t especially concerned. And he shouldn’t have been. You had to have seen the bridge when it was in one piece, and even better made a rickety crossing, to really appreciate it. It was old Waco.